Toward a Dialogical Sociology


 

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  • 제목: Toward a Dialogical Sociology

  • 연사: Sari Hanafi (Professor of Sociology at the American University of Beirut, President of the ISA)

  • 일시: 2022년 12월 13일 (화) 오후 1시

  • 장소: 연희관 201호 국제회의실

  • 발표초록:

While sociology put emphasis on three epistemological imperatives: descriptive, conceptual and interpretative, as a moment of knowledge observing the world “as it is” and separating fact from values, this paper is adding a new one, the normative one. The main question I raise for this paper is : why does this normative epistemological imperative of sociology particularly and social scientists, in general, have little leverage with society? Not to cite more than three intertwined phenomena, we witness 1) increasing trends of inequality, precarity and exclusion, 2) more hierarchical polarization of society and 3) people moving to the Right. I argue for this paper that this is a problem of normativity of a large strand of sociologists/social scientists (classically liberal but politically illiberal left – in short “Liberal Fundamentalism”) who use extensively radical criticism. They are part of different segments and sectors of life including the media, politics, law, and academia, and come in varied shades and sizes, including many countries in the global south and north under the effects of global convergence. I propose to redress this entanglement by proposing what I call Dialogical Sociology (based on a political liberal project). By building Dialogical Sociology on an amended version of Rawlsian political liberalism, it claims to distinctiveness as it starts not from metaphysical assumptions, abstract ideals, or cultural preferences but from the world as it operates. Its utopia starts in the reality of existing social and political arrangements and the support of the civic sphere. Thus, this Dialogical Sociology is rather a methodology that connects sociology to moral and political philosophy. It considers values that sociology, as a normative science, defends are sociological and not simply philosophical themes, meaning that these values cannot be reasoned independently of how we experience them.